And what can we learn from the two previous Charles? Their destiny… is not glorious.
Charles I reigns in the 17th century and clashes with Parliament and the Anglican Church. His intransigence engenders civil war and in 1649, he was arrested, tried and executed for high treason.
After his death, royalty is abolished, the Republic is declared with at its head, Oliver Cromwell, a kind of Robespierre from across the Channel. Charles I is a bit to England what Louis XVI is to France: both were beheaded and in both cases, it’s the end of the monarchy. But there is a notorious difference: in Great Britain, the Republic will only be a parenthesis. When the monarchy is restored, the new sovereign is called… Charles II, the son of Charles I.
He will not end up on the scaffold. But like his father, he too faced Parliament. In British history, Charles I and Charles II embody, in short, the absolutist temptation, somewhat on the model of the kings of France like Louis XIV, who is moreover the contemporary of Charles II. This means that the British parliamentary tradition was forged against these two kings named Charles.
The reign of Charles II is also associated with great scourges: first, the great plague of london which killed one in five Londoners and then, as a misfortune never comes alone, it will be followed by the terrible london fire.